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The state examination consists of selected chapters from obligatory subjects.

2AJ502 British Civilisation (PhDr. Ing. Rudolf Chalupský)
This course will familiarize students with recent British cultural activities as well as with British history. Stress will be laid on literature and its ties with social trends, including developments in arts and political thinking of the age. The course also deals with the history of the British Empire which has significantly influenced the British people.

2AJ503 American Civilisation (PhDr. Ing. Rudolf Chalupský, Michael Coleman)
This course will present students with the key achievements of American culture as well as with the main events of American social history. Stress will be laid on literature and its ties with social situations and trends, including developments in arts and architecture, and political thinking of the age.

2AJ504 British and American Economists (Peter Holloway, M. A.)
A course to introduce students to the work of major economic thinkers of Great Britain and the Untied States. These range from the political economists of the 17th century to the economic modellers of the present day.
Lectures will provide the necessary information to allow students to comprehend and analyse selected readings. Both original texts and critical reviews of the original will be discussed in the tutorial to assess the criticism of the prevailing orthodoxy of the time and its relation to contemporary economic principles.

2AJ506 Current Economic, Political and Social Issues in GB and the USA (PhDr. Zdena Pošvicová)
The course concentrates on the economic, political and social situtation in Great Britain and the United States. It deals with the British approach to European integration and tries to analyse the multicultural and multi-ethnic approaches in society. Strategies of these two countries concerning the environmental protection will be discussed.


1. The Origins of the British Parliament. Principles of Representative Government.
2. Specific features of the English Revolution. Revolution 1640-1660. Glorious Revolution 1689 and the Bill of Rights.
3. House of Lords in the process of changes.
4. Great Britain: Balance of power in central – local issues. Process of devolution.
5. UK´s approach to European integration, the main representatives of euroscepticism and their politics.
6. UK´s political parties and party system: The profile of the main political parties.
7. UK: Electoral rules, principles as they have evolved since 19th century.
8. Electoral reforms after 1999 (electoral system to European Parliament, Scottish Parliament, etc.).
9. UK: Prime Minister´s role in the constitutional monarchy. His/her relation towards the monarch and towards the Cabinet.
10. UK: Parliamentary sovereignty. Doctrine and Practice.
11. UK: Democracy in a majority system. Westminster model.
12. Electoral results: a post-WW2 overview.
13. The problems of Northern Ireland – historical roots and current situation.
14. British Commonwealth – history, tradition, current situation.
15. UK: Judicial system. The role of precedents.


  1. Anglo-Saxon period – development of poetry (Beowulf). Arrival of Christianity; the Vikings. Norman      Conquest.
  2. Medieval England – G. Chaucer. Development of universities. Magna Carta.
  3. Elizabethan England: Renaissance, Humanism & Reformation.
  4. Development of the English drama, W. Shakespeare.
  5. Mannerism and Baroque: Milton, metaphysical poets.
  6. 18th century – the Age of Reason. Whigs and Tories; beginnings of journalism and the rise of the periodical press;      clubs and coffee-houses. The origin of the novel. Painting and architecture in the 18th century.
  7. Transition of Romanticism. Two waves in Romantic poetry. Romantic painting in Britain (J. W. Turner).
  8. The Victorian Age: Industrial Revolution, social criticism & the humanitarian novel -literature reflects economic      problems of the age (Dickens, Thackeray). The Brontë sisters.
  9. Cosmopolitan influences and the impact of the British Empire (J. Conrad, H. James, R. Kipling). Decline of the country –      T. Hardy.
  10. Drama at the end of the 19th century: Wilde, Shaw.
  11. Modernism: (D. H. Lawrence, V. Woolf, J. Joyce). Arts between the wars.
  12. Impact of totalitarian regimes and the vision of the future (Orwell, Huxley).
  13. The novel and arts after WWII.
  14. The impact of the British Empire on the former British colonies.
  15. The approach of British society to slavery in the 18th and 19th centuries.
  16. The Victorian era of the British Empire.
  17. The British Raj in India.
  18. The British in Africa.
  19. The decline of the British Empire after WWI.
  20. India’s way to independence.
  21. The process of decolonisation after WWII.


1. The English settlement of North America (Jamestown in Virginia, colonies in New England, Mayflower compact); pilgrims and puritans; 17th century: First universities.

2. 18th century: the growing split between the British in Britain and in America. The war for independence. Political topics (A. de Tocqueville, B. Franklin, T. Paine). Federalist Papers and origins of political parties. United States Constitution and the Bill of rights.

3. First National Period (between the War with Britain 1812 and the Civil War 1861); American Romanticism in literature (W. Irving, Cooper, Poe, Hawthorne, Melville) and arts (attaining cultural maturity).

4. The western frontier – migration to the West. Manifest Destiny. The Monroe Doctrine and Louisiana Purchase. Transcendentalists (Emerson, Thoreau).

5. “Gilded Age” – Civil War and post-Reconstruction eras of the late 19th century (1865-1901); poetry (W. Whitman, E. Dickinson); local color (Mark Twain).

6. “Progressive era” (early 20th century) – Theodore Roosevelt, “muckrakers”; naturalistic interpretations of man & his destiny (J. London, T. Dreiser). The turn of the century trends in architecture (the Chicago School) and painting (Ashcan School, Armory show).

7. Expatriates in Paris & London; “Lost Generation” (G. Stein, S. Anderson, E. Hemingway, F. Scott Fitzgerald).

8. Social problems & criticism in the 1930s (John Dos Passos, John Steinbeck). Arts between the wars – regionalism, realism.

9. America in WWII: European and Pacific war theatres; impact on literature (realistic approach vs. dark fantasy).

10. Beat generation (Kerouac, Ginsburg, Burroughs, Snyder, Ferlinghetti).

11. Afro-Americans: the story of slavery in America, abolitionist campaigns; the civil war in the USA (1861-1865), A. Lincoln. The South & the impact of Black Reconstruction in literature (Faulkner).

12. Swinging sixties – a decade of extremes, relaxation of social taboos (racism, sexism), of transformational change and bizarre contrasts: flower children and assassins, idealism and alienation, rebellion and backlash, Vietnam War and anti-war movement, hippie subculture, civil rights movement (Martin Luther King vs Black Power), new trends in arts and music.

13. Modern American society, literature & arts, postmodernism.