1) Esej v angličtině (rozsah 1000 – 1200 slov)
2) Studenti mohou používat slovníky (i elektronické)
3) Čas – 2,5 hodiny
Ústní část státní zkoušky se skládá z vybraných okruhů povinných předmětů.
TÉMATICKÉ OKRUHY: ÚSTAVNÍ A POLITICKÝ SYSTÉM VELKÉ BRITÁNIE
- The Origins of the British Parliament. Principles of Representative Government.
- Specific features of the English Revolution. Revolution 1640-1660. Glorious Revolution 1689 and the Bill of Rights.
- House of Lords in the process of changes.
- Great Britain: Balance of power in central – local issues. Process of devolution.
- UK´s approach to European integration, the main representatives of euroscepticism and their politics.
- UK´s political parties and party system: The profile of the main political parties.
- UK: Electoral rules, principles as they have evolved since 19th century.
- Electoral reforms after 1999 (electoral system to European Parliament, Scottish Parliament, etc.).
- UK: Prime Minister´s role in the constitutional monarchy. His/her relation towards the monarch and towards the Cabinet.
- UK: Parliamentary sovereignty. Doctrine and Practice.
- UK: Democracy in a majority system. Westminster model.
- Electoral results: a post-WW2 overview.
- The problems of Northern Ireland – historical roots and current situation.
- British Commonwealth – history, tradition, current situation.
- UK: Judicial system. The role of precedents.
TÉMATICKÉ OKRUHY: ÚSTAVNÍ A POLITICKÝ SYSTÉM SPOJENÝCH STÁTŮ
- USA: colonial period. Colonial government and local government. The first settlers and the main motives for immigration.
- The War of Independence: Home rule. The First and Second Continental Congresses. Declaration of Independence.
- The formation of American Political System: the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual union, the Philadelphia convention and the main problems connected with ratification of the Constitution of 1787. The Bill of Rights.
- Westward expansion. Manifest Destiny and the expanding frontier, slavery, the Civil War and the Reconstruction of the South.
- Character of the US Constitution. Separation of powers and the checks & balances.
- Amendments to the Constitution. The process of proposals and ratifications. The most important amendments.
- USA: Legislative Power. The role of the House of Representatives and Senate. Legislative process.
- USA: Executive Power. The Role of the President and Vice President. The powers of the President. The Cabinet. The main offices of the executive power.
- USA: Judicial Power. The system of Federal Courts and State Courts. The role of the Supreme Court – judicial review. Examples of important decisions of the Supreme Court.
- USA: Federalism. Basic principles and the relations between the National Government and State Governments. Local government.
- USA: Political parties. Historical formation of political parties. Basic philosophy of Republicans and Democrats. Political parties and the political process.
- USA: Electoral system. Primary elections. Presidential elections.
- American society and religion. The waves of Religious Revival. The main Churches. Moral Majority and its role in politics in 80s.
- USA: American society and politics. The role of civil society. Main civic movements – Feminism. Prohibition movement. Trade Unions. The Civil Rights Movement – Martin Luther King.
- USA: Multiculturalism. Melting pot, political correctness, affirmative action.
TÉMATICKÉ OKRUHY: BRITSKÁ CIVILIZACE
- Anglo-Saxon period – development of poetry (Beowulf). Arrival of Christianity; the Vikings. Norman Conquest. Norman and Gothic arts and architecture.
- Medieval England – G. Chaucer. Development of universities.
- Elizabethan England: Renaissance, Humanism & Reformation.
- Development of the English drama. W. Shakespeare and his contemporaries. Jacobean drama.
- Mannerism and Baroque: Milton, metaphysical poets. Baroque music and architecture in England.
- 18th century – the Age of Reason. Whigs and Tories; beginnings of journalism and the rise of the periodical press; clubs and coffee-houses. The origin of the novel. Painting and architecture in the 18th century.
- Transition of Romanticism. Two waves in Romantic poetry. Romantic painting in Britain (W. Turner).
- The Victorian Age: Industrial Revolution, social criticism & the humanitarian novel -literature reflects economic problems of the age (Carlyle, Dickens, Thackeray). The Brontë sisters. The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood.
- Cosmopolitan influences and the impact of the British Empire (J. Conrad, H. James, R. Kipling). Decline of the country – T. Hardy.
- Drama at the end of the 19th century: Wilde, Shaw.
- Modernism: (D. H. Lawrence, V. Woolf, J. Joyce, T. S. Eliot). Arts between the wars.
- The 1950s: „Angry Young Men“.
- Impact of totalitarian regimes and the vision of the future (Orwell, Huxley).
- The novel and arts after WW II.
- The impact of the British Empire on the former British colonies.
- The approach of British society towards slavery in the 18th and 19th centuries.
- The Victorian era of the Empire.
- The British Raj in India.
- The British in Africa.
- The decline of the British Empire after WW I.
- India’s way to independence.
- The process of decolonisation after WW II.
TÉMATICKÉ OKRUHY: AMERICKÁ CIVILIZACE
- The English settlement of North America, beginnings of written literature (W. Bradford). 17th century: First universities.
- 18th century: the growing split between the British in Britain and in America. The war for independence. In literature – focus on political topics (Tocqueville, B. Franklin, T. Paine). A. Hamilton vs. T. Jefferson (federalists vs. anti-federalists).
- The development of 19th century features in American fiction („radical political experiment should be matched by a radically new literature“). American Romanticism (W. Irving, Cooper, Poe, Hawthorne, Melville). The Hudson River School in painting.
- The western frontier – migration to the West. The Monroe Doctrine. Transcendentalists (Emerson, Thoreau).
- 19th century poetry (W. Whitman, E. Dickinson); local color (Mark Twain).
- Early 20th century – „muckrakers“; naturalistic interpretations of man & his destiny (F. Norris, J. London, T. Dreiser). The turn of the century trends in architecture (the Chicago School) and painting (J. Whistler; the Ashcan School, Armory show).
- Expatriates in Paris & London; „Lost Generation“ (G. Stein, S. Anderson, E. Hemingway, Scott Fitzgerald).
- Social problems & criticism in the 1930s (Dos Passos, Steinbeck). Painting between the wars: Max Weber; regionalism: T. Benton, G. Wood; realism: E. Hopper, A. Wyeth.
- The war in literature (realistic approach vs. dark fantasy).
- Beat generation after WW II (Kerouac, Ginsburg, Burroughs, Snyder, Ferlinghetti).
- Afro-Americans; the story of slavery in America, abolitionist campaigns; the picture of the South & the impact of Black Reconstruction in literature (Faulkner).
- Modern literature & arts, postmodernism.