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13.2.2017 - 12.5.2017 - Výuka v letním semestru 2016/2017

26.4.2017 - Rektorský den

15.5.2017 - 23.6.2017 - Zkouškové období

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PÍSEMNÁ ČÁST

1) Esej v angličtině (rozsah 1000 – 1200 slov)
2) Studenti mohou používat slovníky (i elektronické)
3) Čas – 2,5 hodiny

Ústní část státní zkoušky se skládá z vybraných okruhů povinných předmětů.

TÉMATICKÉ OKRUHY: ÚSTAVNÍ A POLITICKÝ SYSTÉM VELKÉ BRITÁNIE

  1. The Origins of the British Parliament. Principles of Representative Government.
  2. Specific features of the English Revolution. Revolution 1640-1660. Glorious Revolution 1689 and the Bill of Rights.
  3. House of Lords in the process of changes.
  4. Great Britain: Balance of power in central – local issues. Process of devolution.
  5. UK´s approach to European integration, the main representatives of euroscepticism and their politics.
  6. UK´s political parties and party system: The profile of the main political parties.
  7. UK: Electoral rules, principles as they have evolved since 19th century.
  8. Electoral reforms after 1999 (electoral system to European Parliament, Scottish Parliament, etc.).
  9. UK: Prime Minister´s role in the constitutional monarchy. His/her relation towards the monarch and towards the     Cabinet.
  10. UK: Parliamentary sovereignty. Doctrine and Practice.
  11. UK: Democracy in a majority system. Westminster model.
  12. Electoral results: a post-WW2 overview.
  13. The problems of Northern Ireland – historical roots and current situation.
  14. British Commonwealth – history, tradition, current situation.
  15. UK: Judicial system. The role of precedents.

TÉMATICKÉ OKRUHY: ÚSTAVNÍ A POLITICKÝ SYSTÉM SPOJENÝCH STÁTŮ

  1. USA: colonial period. Colonial government and local government. The first settlers and the main motives for immigration.
  2. The War of Independence: Home rule. The First and Second Continental Congresses. Declaration of Independence.
  3. The formation of American Political System: the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual union, the Philadelphia convention and the main problems connected with ratification of the Constitution of 1787. The Bill of Rights.
  4. Westward expansion. Manifest Destiny and the expanding frontier, slavery, the Civil War and the Reconstruction of the South.
  5. Character of the US Constitution. Separation of powers and the checks & balances.
  6. Amendments to the Constitution. The process of proposals and ratifications. The most important amendments.
  7. USA: Legislative Power. The role of the House of Representatives and Senate. Legislative process.
  8. USA: Executive Power. The Role of the President and Vice President. The powers of the President. The Cabinet. The main offices of the executive power.
  9. USA: Judicial Power. The system of Federal Courts and State Courts. The role of the Supreme Court – judicial review. Examples of important decisions of the Supreme Court.
  10. USA: Federalism. Basic principles and the relations between the National Government and State Governments. Local government.
  11. USA: Political parties. Historical formation of political parties. Basic philosophy of Republicans and Democrats. Political parties and the political process.
  12. USA: Electoral system. Primary elections. Presidential elections.
  13. American society and religion. The waves of Religious Revival. The main Churches. Moral Majority and its role in politics in 80s.
  14. USA: American society and politics. The role of civil society. Main civic movements – Feminism. Prohibition movement. Trade Unions. The Civil Rights Movement – Martin Luther King.
  15. USA: Multiculturalism. Melting pot, political correctness, affirmative action.

TÉMATICKÉ OKRUHY: BRITSKÁ CIVILIZACE

  1. Anglo-Saxon period – development of poetry (Beowulf). Arrival of Christianity; the Vikings. Norman Conquest.     Norman and Gothic arts and architecture.
  2. Medieval England – G. Chaucer. Development of universities.
  3. Elizabethan England: Renaissance, Humanism & Reformation.
  4. Development of the English drama. W. Shakespeare and his contemporaries. Jacobean drama.
  5. Mannerism and Baroque: Milton, metaphysical poets. Baroque music and architecture in England.
  6. 18th century – the Age of Reason. Whigs and Tories; beginnings of journalism and the rise of the periodical press; clubs and coffee-houses. The origin of the novel. Painting and architecture in the 18th century.
  7. Transition of Romanticism. Two waves in Romantic poetry. Romantic painting in Britain (W. Turner).
  8. The Victorian Age: Industrial Revolution, social criticism & the humanitarian novel -literature reflects economic problems of the age (Carlyle, Dickens, Thackeray). The Brontë sisters. The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood.
  9. Cosmopolitan influences and the impact of the British Empire (J. Conrad, H. James, R. Kipling). Decline of the country – T. Hardy.
  10. Drama at the end of the 19th century: Wilde, Shaw.
  11. Modernism: (D. H. Lawrence, V. Woolf, J. Joyce, T. S. Eliot). Arts between the wars.
  12. The 1950s: „Angry Young Men“.
  13. Impact of totalitarian regimes and the vision of the future (Orwell, Huxley).
  14. The novel and arts after WW II.
  15. The impact of the British Empire on the former British colonies.
  16. The approach of British society towards slavery in the 18th and 19th centuries.
  17. The Victorian era of the Empire.
  18. The British Raj in India.
  19. The British in Africa.
  20. The decline of the British Empire after WW I.
  21. India’s way to independence.
  22. The process of decolonisation after WW II.

TÉMATICKÉ OKRUHY: AMERICKÁ CIVILIZACE

  1. The English settlement of North America, beginnings of written literature (W. Bradford). 17th century: First universities.
  2. 18th century: the growing split between the British in Britain and in America. The war for independence. In literature – focus on political topics (Tocqueville, B. Franklin, T. Paine). A. Hamilton vs. T. Jefferson (federalists vs. anti-federalists).
  3. The development of 19th century features in American fiction („radical political experiment should be matched by a radically new literature“). American Romanticism (W. Irving, Cooper, Poe, Hawthorne, Melville). The Hudson River School in painting.
  4. The western frontier – migration to the West. The Monroe Doctrine. Transcendentalists (Emerson, Thoreau).
  5. 19th century poetry (W. Whitman, E. Dickinson); local color (Mark Twain).
  6. Early 20th century – „muckrakers“; naturalistic interpretations of man & his destiny (F. Norris, J. London, T. Dreiser). The turn of the century trends in architecture (the Chicago School) and painting (J. Whistler; the Ashcan School, Armory show).
  7. Expatriates in Paris & London; „Lost Generation“ (G. Stein, S. Anderson, E. Hemingway, Scott Fitzgerald).
  8. Social problems & criticism in the 1930s (Dos Passos, Steinbeck). Painting between the wars: Max Weber; regionalism: T. Benton, G. Wood; realism: E. Hopper, A. Wyeth.
  9. The war in literature (realistic approach vs. dark fantasy).
  10. Beat generation after WW II (Kerouac, Ginsburg, Burroughs, Snyder, Ferlinghetti).
  11. Afro-Americans; the story of slavery in America, abolitionist campaigns; the picture of the South & the impact of Black Reconstruction in literature (Faulkner).
  12. Modern literature & arts, postmodernism.