Okruhy otázek k SZZ
Státní závěrečná zkouška z angličtiny se skládá ze dvou částí:
1. písemné části – trvá 5 hodin
2. ústní části – koná se v jiný den než písemná část
- Anglo-Saxon period – development of poetry (Beowulf). Arrival of Christianity; the Vikings. Norman Conquest.
- Medieval England – G. Chaucer. Development of universities. Magna Carta.
- Elizabethan England: Renaissance, Humanism & Reformation.
- Development of the English drama, W. Shakespeare.
- Mannerism and Baroque: Milton, metaphysical poets.
- 18th century – the Age of Reason. Whigs and Tories; beginnings of journalism and the rise of the periodical press; clubs and coffee-houses. The origin of the novel. Painting and architecture in the 18th century.
- Transition of Romanticism. Two waves in Romantic poetry. Romantic painting in Britain (J. W. Turner).
- The Victorian Age: Industrial Revolution, social criticism & the humanitarian novel -literature reflects economic problems of the age (Dickens, Thackeray). The Brontë sisters.
- Cosmopolitan influences and the impact of the British Empire (J. Conrad, H. James, R. Kipling). Decline of the country – T. Hardy.
- Drama at the end of the 19th century: Wilde, Shaw.
- Modernism: (D. H. Lawrence, V. Woolf, J. Joyce). Arts between the wars.
- Impact of totalitarian regimes and the vision of the future (Orwell, Huxley).
- The novel and arts after WWII.
- The impact of the British Empire on the former British colonies.
- The approach of British society to slavery in the 18th and 19th centuries.
- The Victorian era of the British Empire.
- The British Raj in India.
- The British in Africa.
- The decline of the British Empire after WWI.
- India’s way to independence.
- The process of decolonisation after WWII.
1. The English settlement of North America (Jamestown in Virginia, colonies in New England, Mayflower compact); pilgrims and puritans; 17th century: First universities.
2. 18th century: the growing split between the British in Britain and in America. The war for independence. Political topics (A. de Tocqueville, B. Franklin, T. Paine). Federalist Papers and origins of political parties. United States Constitution and the Bill of rights.
3. First National Period (between the War with Britain 1812 and the Civil War 1861); American Romanticism in literature (W. Irving, Cooper, Poe, Hawthorne, Melville) and arts (attaining cultural maturity).
4. The western frontier – migration to the West. Manifest Destiny. The Monroe Doctrine and Louisiana Purchase. Transcendentalists (Emerson, Thoreau).
5. “Gilded Age” – Civil War and post-Reconstruction eras of the late 19th century (1865-1901); poetry (W. Whitman, E. Dickinson); local color (Mark Twain).
6. “Progressive era” (early 20th century) – Theodore Roosevelt, “muckrakers”; naturalistic interpretations of man & his destiny (J. London, T. Dreiser). The turn of the century trends in architecture (the Chicago School) and painting (Ashcan School, Armory show).
7. Expatriates in Paris & London; “Lost Generation” (G. Stein, S. Anderson, E. Hemingway, F. Scott Fitzgerald).
8. Social problems & criticism in the 1930s (John Dos Passos, John Steinbeck). Arts between the wars – regionalism, realism.
9. America in WWII: European and Pacific war theatres; impact on literature (realistic approach vs. dark fantasy).
10. Beat generation (Kerouac, Ginsburg, Burroughs, Snyder, Ferlinghetti).
11. Afro-Americans: the story of slavery in America, abolitionist campaigns; the civil war in the USA (1861-1865), A. Lincoln. The South & the impact of Black Reconstruction in literature (Faulkner).
12. Swinging sixties – a decade of extremes, relaxation of social taboos (racism, sexism), of transformational change and bizarre contrasts: flower children and assassins, idealism and alienation, rebellion and backlash, Vietnam War and anti-war movement, hippie subculture, civil rights movement (Martin Luther King vs Black Power), new trends in arts and music.
13. Modern American society, literature & arts, postmodernism.